What factors are important for deprescribing in Australian long-term care facilities? Perspectives of residents and health professionals
Objectives Polypharmacy and multimorbidity are common in
long-term care facilities (LTCFs). Reducing polypharmacy may reduce adverse
events and maintain quality of life. Deprescribing refers to reducing
medications after consideration of therapeutic goals, benefits and risks, and
medical ethics. The objective was to use nominal group technique (NGT) to
generate then rank factors that general medical practitioners (GPs), nurses,
pharmacists and residents or their representatives perceive are most important
when deciding whether or not to deprescribe medications.
Design Qualitative research using NGT.
Setting Participants were invited if they worked with, or resided in LTCFs across metropolitan and regional South Australia.
Participants 11 residents/representatives, 19 GPs, 12 nurses and 14 pharmacists participated across six separate groups.
Methods Individual groups of GPs, nurses, pharmacists and residents/representatives were convened. Using NGT each group ranked factors perceived to be most important when deciding whether or not to deprescribe. Then, using NGT, the prioritised factors from individual groups were discussed and prioritised by a multidisciplinary metropolitan and regional group comprised of resident representatives, GPs, nurses and pharmacists.
Results No two groups had the same priorities. GPs ranked ‘evidence for deprescribing’ and ‘communication with family/resident’ as most important factors. Nurses ranked ‘GP receptivity to deprescribing’ and ‘nurses ability to advocate for residents’ as most important. Pharmacists ranked ‘clinical appropriateness of therapy’ and ‘identifying residents’ goals of care’ as most important. Residents ranked ‘wellbeing of the resident’ and ‘continuity of nursing staff’ as most important. The multidisciplinary groups ranked ‘adequacy of medical and medication history’ and ‘identifying residents’ goals of care’ as most important.
Conclusions While each group prioritised different factors, common and contrasting factors emerged. Future deprescribing interventions need to consider the similarities and differences within the range of factors prioritised by residents and health professionals.